Professional transportation logistics

Logistics Encyclopedia

   Regarding the concept of “logistics”, different institutions in different countries have different periods. The earliest documentary on logistics activities is in the UK. In 1918, Lord Hamm of Unilever, England, established "Instant Delivery Co., Ltd." to deliver goods to wholesalers, retailers and users in a timely manner nationwide. During the Second World War, the United States began with military needs. In the wartime supply of arms, the term "logistics management" was first adopted, and the management of arms transportation, replenishment, and squadrons was comprehensively managed. After World War II, the term "logistics" was borrowed by Americans into corporate management, known as "business logistics." Enterprise logistics refers to the comprehensive management of the company's supply, marketing, transportation, storage and other activities.


   According to the data of the Japan Logistics Management Association, after the 1950s, Japan’s economy has basically recovered to the level before the Second World War. Enterprises have invested in large-scale equipment and upgraded, the technological level has been continuously improved, and productivity has risen sharply. . In 1955, the Productivity Headquarters was established. In order to improve the production efficiency in the circulation field and ensure the smooth operation and development of the economy, the group organized a large-scale delegation headed by Ize Daoxiong. In the autumn of 1956, the logistics of the United States was investigated. At that time, Japan did not have the word "logistics". The name of the delegation was "a professional delegation of circulation technology." During the delegation's stay in the United States, the famous American professor Mr. Kemps said that one of the reasons why the US economy has developed smoothly in the past 30 years is to pay attention to both production efficiency and circulation efficiency. The American industry truly recognizes the importance of logistics in the 1950s and so on. Until then, it only focused on sales, and only logistics activities such as transportation, storage, packaging, loading and unloading were used as auxiliary activities for sales. The Japanese circulation technology research group also found in the United States that Japan was called transportation and packaging activities of circulation technology, and Americans called Physical Distribution (PD).


   After the Japanese delegation returned to China, they proposed to the government to attach importance to logistics, and set up the PD Enlightenment in the industry. The PD Research Association was established in the Japan Energy Association, and Mr. Hiroshi Naoki (president of the Institute of Loading and Unloading, President of the Japan Loading and Unloading Association, known as the “Father of Logistics” in Japan) was appointed as the president, and a PD seminar was held every month. At the Institute of Circulation Economics, Professor Lin Zhouji, an authoritative logistics scholar in Japan, also organized a PD research conference to actively carry out various forms of enlightenment education activities.


   After eight years of hard work, the Japanese government finally began to pay attention to PD in 1964. The Ministry of International Trade and Industry has invited Mr. Plains to go to government agencies to explain the importance of PD and to lecture for government officials. In July of the same year, when the Ministry of International Trade and Industry decided to discuss the logistics budget, he was worried that the news media could not understand the PD Japanese in the report. So he invited Mr. Junji to discuss with Mr. Nakayama Kyuwan (Special Director of Nippon Express Co., Ltd.). Neishan Specialist believes that the "P" in PD, that is, Physical is not the meaning of "material" here, but the meaning of "physical". Distribution means "circulation", so PD should be translated as "physical circulation". However, I feel that as a noun, the word "physical circulation" is too much and too long, and it has to be reduced to "circulation of things." Then the new word "circulation of things" was published in the entire Japanese media. Since then, "circulation of things" has become a household name in Japan, and everyone knows it. The Industrial Distribution Committee has established the “Distribution Branch of Things”; one of the largest logistics groups established in Japan in 1970 is called “The Distribution Association of Japanese Goods”. Another similar Japanese logistics group established in the same year, the annual logistics meeting of the Japan Logistics Management Association is also called the “National Circulation Conference”.


   After 1970, many people felt that the "circulation of things" was a bit long, so they were simply referred to as "logistics." The word "logistics" is still in use today in Japan.


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